Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2019, Page: 80-85
The Use of Vocabulary Learning Strategies in Relation to Vocabulary Size of Students in Chinese Universities
Tian Tian, School of Foreign Languages & Cultures, Beijing Wuzi University, Beijing, China
Received: Dec. 16, 2019;       Accepted: Dec. 31, 2019;       Published: Jan. 8, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.cls.20190504.12      View  359      Downloads  150
The study tends to explore vocabulary learning beliefs and strategies employed by students in Chinese universities. The correlations between beliefs/strategies and students’ vocabulary size are also addressed to show the impact of the different vocabulary learning strategies on students’ vocabulary size in China. A questionnaire and a vocabulary test were administered to 105 students from two universities. The questionnaire is adapted from Gu and Hu [1] and the vocabulary levels test is selected from Nation’s [2] vocabulary levels test (the university word list level) to evaluate students’ vocabulary size. With SPSS, statistical descriptions and pearson correlation are undertaken to process the data collected. The analyses of the data reveal that students in Chinese universities are interested in learning vocabulary. They report adopting a number of learning strategies in their vocabulary learning processes. They appear to use metacognitive strategies more often when they learn vocabulary, especially self-initiation. At cognitive level, they are both inclined to adopt dictionary use, guessing, note-taking and activation strategies very often, while encoding and rehearsal are less used. Their vocabulary size has a strong relation with their strategy use at cognitive level, a moderate relation at overall and metacognitive level and no relation with their learning beliefs. The study suggests that teachers should encourage students to hold a positive belief on vocabulary learning and to employ both metacognitive and cognitive strategies in learning vocabulary. Students should pay as much attention to cognitive strategies as to metacognitive strategies.
Vocabulary Learning Beliefs, Vocabulary Learning Strategies, Vocabulary Size
To cite this article
Tian Tian, The Use of Vocabulary Learning Strategies in Relation to Vocabulary Size of Students in Chinese Universities, Communication and Linguistics Studies. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2019, pp. 80-85. doi: 10.11648/j.cls.20190504.12
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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